China’s State Key Laboratories (SKLs; 国家重点实验室) serve as a primary driver of the People’s Republic of
China’s (PRC) research and innovation efforts, as well as its ambitious science and technology (S&T)
agenda in the commercial and military spaces. These laboratories, overseen by and most often co-located
with universities and enterprises across China–referred to in Chinese as the “relying” or “supporting” unit
(依托单位)–receive funding, administrative support, and policy guidance from the PRC government. As of 2019,
official Chinese state media claim that China has 515 SKLs. The data brief entitled “China’s State Key
Laboratory System: A View into China’s Innovation System” based its analysis on a self-curated dataset of
469 SKLs that could be found in open-source venues, including ones no longer in operation.
The following map contains all 469 of the SKLs used in that CSET analysis. All SKLs have been geocoded
based on their addresses; in instances where no address was publicly available, the SKL has been placed at
the address of its relying unit.
This data visualization tool allows users to view SKLs housed at both enterprises and academic
institutions, including those attached to Chinese Academy of Science (CAS; 中国科学院) institutes, and filter
among them based on the subject area given to them by the PRC government. From there, users can view
information about selected SKLs, including whether the SKL is on a U.S. government export control or
sanctions list, or associated with PLA institutions. Users may download this dataset and search for
specific labs according to these tags.
Scroll to explore different ways to group SKLs. For an in-depth assessment of SKLs, see the CSET data
brief China's State Key
For feedback and assistance, thanks to Shelton Fitch, Alex Friedland, Adrienne Thompson, Lynne Weil,
Nina Palmer, Jennifer Melot, Zach Arnold, Igor Mikolic-Torreira, Catherine Aiken, and Dewey Murdick. Last
updated June 14, 2022.