Map of China's State Key Laboratory System

By Emily Weinstein, Daniel Chou, Channing Lee, Ryan Fedasiuk, and Anna Puglisi

China’s State Key Laboratories (SKLs; 国家重点实验室) serve as a primary driver of the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) research and innovation efforts, as well as its ambitious science and technology (S&T) agenda in the commercial and military spaces. These laboratories, overseen by and most often co-located with universities and enterprises across China–referred to in Chinese as the “relying” or “supporting” unit (依托单位)–receive funding, administrative support, and policy guidance from the PRC government. As of 2019, official Chinese state media claim that China has 515 SKLs. The data brief entitled “China’s State Key Laboratory System: A View into China’s Innovation System” based its analysis on a self-curated dataset of 469 SKLs that could be found in open-source venues, including ones no longer in operation.

The following map contains all 469 of the SKLs used in that CSET analysis. All SKLs have been geocoded based on their addresses; in instances where no address was publicly available, the SKL has been placed at the address of its relying unit.

This data visualization tool allows users to view SKLs housed at both enterprises and academic institutions, including those attached to Chinese Academy of Science (CAS; 中国科学院) institutes, and filter among them based on the subject area given to them by the PRC government. From there, users can view information about selected SKLs, including whether the SKL is on a U.S. government export control or sanctions list, or associated with PLA institutions. Users may download this dataset and search for specific labs according to these tags.

Scroll to explore different ways to group SKLs. For an in-depth assessment of SKLs, see the CSET data brief China's State Key Laboratories.

For feedback and assistance, thanks to Shelton Fitch, Alex Friedland, Adrienne Thompson, Lynne Weil, Nina Palmer, Jennifer Melot, Zach Arnold, Igor Mikolic-Torreira, Catherine Aiken, and Dewey Murdick. Last updated June 14, 2022.

SKL Map Legend

biotech Biology
science Chemistry
public Earth Science
precision_manufacturing Engineering
wifi ICT
Materials Science

Usage Tips

  • Hover over a place marker to display the English name of the State Key Lab at that location.
  • Click on a place marker to view additional information on the State Key Lab at that location.
  • Click on a check mark/box to toggle the filter for State Key Labs.
  • Double-click on the map to zoom in (or click on "+" icon in Zoom Control).
  • Double-click on the map while holding down the SHIFT key to zoom out (or click on "-" icon in Zoom Control).
  • Click on "↺" icon in Zoom Control to reset to original view.

Download SKL Data: JSON CSV